Ontology is the philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations. Traditionally listed as a part of the major branch of philosophy known as metaphysics, ontology deals with questions concerning what entities exist or can be said to exist, and how such entities can be grouped, related within a hierarchy, and subdivided according to similarities and differences.

via Ontology – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


Ontology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Parmenides was among the first to propose an ontological characterization of the fundamental nature of reality.


Deconstruction French: déconstruction is a literary theory and philosophy of language derived principally from Jacques Derrida’s 1967 work “Of Grammatology”.[1] The premise of deconstruction is that all of Western literature and philosophy implicitly relies on a metaphysics of presence.[2][3] Derrida terms the philosophical commitment to pure presence as a source of self-sufficient meaning logocentrism.[4] Due to the impossibility of pure presence and consequently of instrinsic meaning, any given concept is constituted and comprehended linguistically and in terms of its oppositions, e.g. perception/reason, speech/writing, mind/body, interior/exterior, marginal/central, sensible/intelligible, intuition/signification, nature/culture.[5] Further, Derrida contends that of these dichotomies one member is associated with presence and consequently more highly valued than the other which is associated with absence.

via Deconstruction – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.